Disease prevention should also focus on plant, animal and environmental health
Dr KK Aggarwal, Recipient of Padma Shri
The concept of "One health" has been gradually gaining ground in the last few years. When we talk of One Health, it includes plants, animals, environment and humans. One Health recognizes that the health of the people is connected to the health of animals, plants and the environment that we all share.
About 60% diseases in humans and 75% of emerging infectious diseases are zoonotic in nature and are spread from animals to humans. Nipah is an emerging disease. Many re-emerging diseases such as avian influenza are also transmitted from animals to humans. Animals are also susceptible to some diseases and environment hazards similar to humans. Hence, they may also be early warning signs of impending human illness. For example, birds often die of West Nile virus before humans are afflicted with the same infectious disease.
Zoonotic diseases should be identified at their animal source itself and acted upon at that point of time in the cycle. And, instead of considering a human patient as the index case, the infected animal should be the index case. Why should disease be allowed to spread from plants, animals or the environment to humans? Why should pollution be allowed to increase to hazardous levels of 1000 and even beyond? .... read more
WHO has released a new guide for employers and meeting organizers to promote healthier working environments. “Planning healthy and sustainable meetings”, initially developed for WHO’s own employees, applies established health promotion principles to meetings and events...... read more
Bombay HC cuts short sentence for acid attacker after he marries victim and decides to get treatment of victim done by donating his skin In the matter titled as "Anil Shivaji Patil versus The of Maharashtra", bearing Criminal Appeal No. 312 of 2014, the Hon’ble Division Bench of High Court of Bombay vide judgment dated 27.06.2018 has reduced the sentence of the acid attacker accused as the said accused and the victim have decided to marry each other and lead a peaceful life and have also decided to get treatment of the victim done from a plastic surgeon for ... read more
CDC continues to recommend a short-course combination regimen of once-weekly isoniazid and rifapentine for 12 weeks (3HP) for treatment of latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) in adults and now recommends use of 3HP also in persons with LTBI aged 2-17 years; in persons with LTBI who have .... read more
The American Thoracic Society has released a new clinical practice guideline to help physicians diagnose primary ciliary dyskinesia. The guideline is published June 15, 2018 in the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine. The guideline committee suggests using an .... read more
A study published in the May 2018 issue of the Western Journal of Emergency Medicine suggests that in patients with high pretest probability of pulmonary embolism, neither a negative computed tomography pulmonary angiography (CTPA) by itself nor a negative CTPA + a negative D-dimer is sufficient to rule out PE. And, more aggressive workup is required.... read more
Healthcare providers (HCPs) lack knowledge on appropriate inhaler technique leading to ineffective therapy, according to a systematic review published in the May/June 2018 issue of the Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In Practice. .... read more
Treatment with cabozantinib increased overall survival by 2.2 months and progression-free survival in patients with previously treated advanced hepatocellular carcinoma as demonstrated in a phase 3 trial published July 5, 2018 in the New England Journal of Medicine.... read more
Zika infections could be an unrecognized cause of miscarriages and stillbirths It is important to take precautionary measures especially during monsoons
New Delhi, 7th July 2018: According to a new study, pregnancy loss due to Zika infections that do not show any symptoms may be a common but unrecognized cause of miscarriages and stillbirths. Zika virus is widely known for causing children to be born with a brain abnormality called microencephaly and other malformations. Zika disease in human adults includes fever, rash, headache, joint and muscle pain, as well as red eyes. However, most are asymptomatic.
In another finding, it has been explained that India’s Zika is genetically distinct from two other pathogenic global strains -- African and Asian -- as it is unable to efficiently infect mosquitoes. However, if this Zika strain mutates to more efficiently infect mosquitoes, it could become a major public health problem in the future -- in the same way that chikungunya re-emerged in India after years of dormancy.