The WHO defines health as “not just the absence of disease, but a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being”. This means that the conditions, in which we live, learn, work and grow old, “the social contexts of health and disease” also influence our health and well-being. These social factors are called the social determinants of health.
Social gradient has been identified as one of the 10 social determinants of health, which also include stress, early life, social exclusion, work, unemployment, social support, addiction, food and transport.
A study investigating the recent Nipah Virus outbreak in Kerala found that only the index case was infected in the community from fruit bats. All remaining cases were due to nosocomial transmission in 3 different hospitals. This human-to-human transmission pattern is consistent with that of earlier outbreaks in India and Bangladesh. The study says that “although it is impossible to ... read more
Negative social cues on tobacco packaging may be a novel alternative to help smokers quit. A new research has suggested that using negative social cues on packaging is effective at discouraging smoking. The results support the view that packaging, which conveys to smokers that “others” view smoking negatively is sufficient to trigger feelings of self-consciousness, which in turn reduces smoking ... read more
The US Food and Drug Administration has approved Truxima (rituximab-abbs) as the first biosimilar to Rituxan (rituximab) for the treatment of adult patients with CD20-positive, B-cell non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma (NHL) to be used as a single agent or in combination with chemotherapy... read more
Results of the HUNT Fitness Study published in the European Heart Journal, Nov. 29, 2018 show that even if you are a fit and healthy person with no signs of any heart or blood vessel disease, low cardiorespiratory fitness could be a warning sign of future cardiovascular disease, such as... read more
The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) has updated screening recommendations for preterm infants at risk of developing retinopathy of prematurity, a disorder that occurs only in very small premature babies when the blood vessels in the retina are not fully developed and is a leading ... read more
The US FDA has approved Firdapse (amifampridine) tablets as the first treatment of Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome (LEMS) in adults. LEMS is a rare autoimmune disorder that affects the connection between nerves and muscles and causes weakness and other symptoms in... read more
Quick tests - brief cognitive assessments - used in primary care settings to identify whether people are likely to have dementia may often be wrong, according to a study published in the November 28, 2018, online issue of the journal Neurology. The three tests examined in this study.. read more
1. The gain in weight of young animals per unit weight of protein-consumed.
2. The product of digestibility coefficient and biological value.
3. The percentage of protein absorbed into the blood.
4. The percentage of nitrogen absorbed from the protein absorbed from the diet.
Hantavirus is a deadly infection and there is no cure or vaccine available Beware of rodents entering the house or other spaces and take adequate precautions
New Delhi, 29 November 2018: According to statistics, hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS) has a mortality rate of about 40%. There are currently no treatments or vaccines available for this condition. First identified in 1993, hantaviruses cause severe and sometimes fatal respiratory infections and are known to infect lung cells. The first case of death reported in India due to this condition was that of a 12-year-old boy from Mumbai.
Hantavirus infection or HPS is a lung infection caused by viruses found in the saliva, urine, and droppings of rodents. The illness is rare but has a high morbidity and mortality rate. Rats are the commonest carrier of the virus as their urine or dung can be infected. The virus is also air-borne.