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Editor-in-Chief eMediNexus – Dr KK Aggarwal
2nd June 2018
WHO Priority Diseases: Hendra virus infection

Dr KK Aggarwal, Recipient of Padma Shri

Hendra virus is one among the two Henipa viruses, the other being Nipah virus. Henipaviruses belong to the paramyxovirus family and are the most virulent among all paramyxoviruses. Fruit bats (flying foxes) of genus Pteropus and Pteropididae family are the natural reservoirs of both Hendra and Nipah viruses.

Today, we will talk about Hendra virus infection as we have covered Nipah virus infection in earlier editions of eMedinewS (see relevant links below) when the outbreak in Kerala first came to light.

Hendra virus infection is a rare emerging zoonosis that causes severe and often fatal disease in both infected horses and humans.

It was first detected in 1994 following an outbreak of respiratory and neurologic disease in horses and humans in Hendra in Brisbane, Australia..... read more

Special

How to Enhance Your Practice Visibility?

You are one among the 9,88,922 allopathic doctors practising in India. You can find a clinic in every nook and corner. How do you attract patients to your practice? What do you do to become more visible to your target audience? The only solution is to be different from others and think out-of-the-box! This write-up will familiarize you with different approaches to making yourself stand out from the crowd, and increase your patient base..... read more

Top News

Tobacco use is falling, but not fast enough, says WHO

Tobacco kills over 7 million people each year, despite the steady reduction in tobacco use globally, as shown in a new WHO Global Report on Trends in Prevalence of Tobacco Smoking 2000-2025. The report shows that worldwide, 27% smoked tobacco in 2000, compared to 20% in 2016. However, the pace of action in reducing tobacco demand and related death and disease is lagging behind global and ... read more

Morning Medtalks

Morning MEDtalks with Dr KK Aggarwal 2nd June

Clinical: Long-term use of metformin is associated with a decreased risk for colorectal cancer in men with diabetes, according to a study published in Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention.
Miscarriage is so common that it happens to up to 25 percent of all pregnancies, according to the American Pregnancy Association. The news this week out of the National Institutes of Health is that Vitamin D can reduce the risk of another miscarriage. ... read more

Practice Updates

FDA approves first artificial iris

The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved the first stand-alone prosthetic iris in the United States, a surgically implanted device to treat adults and children whose iris is completely missing or damaged due to a congenital aniridia or other damage to the eye. Congenital aniridia is a rare genetic disorder in which the iris is completely or partially absent..... read more


Insufficient vitamin D linked to miscarriage among women with prior pregnancy loss

Among women planning to conceive after a pregnancy loss, those who had sufficient levels of vitamin D were more likely to become pregnant and have a live birth, compared to women with insufficient levels of the vitamin, according to an analysis published online May 30, 2018 in The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology..... read more


Post-stroke rehabilitation influences re-employment one year after the first stroke

A study presented May 17, 2018 at the 4th European Stroke Organisation Conference (ESOC) 2018 has identified intravenous thrombolysis and post-stroke rehabilitation as factors that predict re-employment one year after the first stroke. However, those who were re-employed were also more likely to suffer anxiety and depression compared to those who did not return to work.... read more


Study shows association between risk of melanoma and hydrochlorothiazide

Long-term use of hydrochlorothiazide is associated with an increased risk of melanoma, suggests a study published online May 29, 2018 in JAMA Internal Medicine. The absolute risk of melanoma was 2.1% among high-users of hydrochlorothiazide and 1.8% among controls. The authors however have cautioned that patients taking hydrochlorothiazide should not stop taking the drug without consulting their physician..... read more


A new treatment option for moderate to severe dyspareunia

The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved estradiol vaginal inserts (Imvexxy, TherapeuticsMD) - 4-µg and 10-µg softgel capsules - for women with moderate to severe dyspareunia resulting from menopause..... read more


Longer surveillance intervals may be safe in patients who have two consecutive negative colonoscopies

Longer surveillance intervals may be safe in patients with colonic inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and no additional high-risk factors for colorectal cancer and who have two consecutive negative colonoscopies, suggests a study published May 2, 2018 in the journal Gut. A ‘negative’ surveillance colonoscopy was predefined for the study as a technically adequate procedure having no post-inflammatory polyps, no strictures, no endoscopic disease activity and no evidence of neoplasia.... read more

eMedi Humor
Medicolegal Corner
eMedi Quiz
1. RLS also occurs at rest
2. RLS is predominantly in the evening or at night
3. RLS is sometimes painful.
4. All of the above
Lifestyle Updates
 
Inspirational Story 1: Live and Work
Inspirational Story 2: The lucky starfish
Kawasaki Disease still remains largely undiagnosed in India
The goal of therapy for KD is to manage symptoms to maintain cardiovascular health
 
New Delhi, June 1, 2018: In what can be called a rare but rapidly spreading disease, the Kawasaki Syndrome or Disease (KD) continues to remain one of the largely undiagnosed conditions in Indian children, primarily due to lack of awareness amongst pediatricians. KD is believed to be the commonest vasculitic disorder of children. Incidence rates as high as 60 to 150 per 100,000 children below 5 years of age have been reported from several countries. The IMA indicates that untreated children are at risk for developing potentially fatal coronary artery aneurysms.

KD is a condition that causes inflammation in the walls of medium-sized arteries throughout the body, including the coronary arteries, which supply blood to the heart muscle. It is also called mucocutaneous lymph node syndrome because it also affects lymph nodes, skin, and the mucous membranes inside the mouth, nose and throat.

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