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29th July, 2017
 Universal screening for alcohol misuse at hospitalization is a feasible strategy

A study published online July 27, 2017 in the Journal of Hepatology has demonstrated that universal screening for alcohol misuse at the time of hospitalization to identify patients at risk of developing alcohol-related liver disease, is a feasible strategy.
Researchers from the UK screened all admissions to the Acute Medical Unit of a large acute hospital using an electronic data capture system. At the time of admission, information about the amount of alcohol consumed, previous visits and or admissions and whether they were alcohol-related was recorded.
Around 91% patients completed the screening; of these, around 3% of the patients were grouped as "increasing", and 4% as "high" risk of alcohol harm. The high risk group had more frequent emergency room (ER) visits and higher re-admission rates; gastrointestinal bleeding, mental health disorders, poisoning and liver disease were the most common diagnoses for hospitalization.
What this study showed was that it is possible to screen patients for alcohol misuse at hospitalization, identify patients with a very high unit consumption and then to refer them for appropriate intervention, potentially reducing the burden of alcohol-related harm. While, lower risk patients can be given brief advice by any trained healthcare professional
Dr KK Aggarwal
National President IMA & HCFI
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New Delhi, 28 July, 2017: Statistics indicate that Dyslexia is one of the most common learning disabilities affecting 1 in 10 children worldwide. The Dyslexia Association of India estimates that about 10% to 15% of school-going children in India suffer from some type of Dyslexia. Multilingualism, which is common in the country, can also impact the difficulty. This condition can affect boys and girls alike. If undetected by Class 2, dyslexic children can grow up to be dyslexic adults, at which point, this condition cannot be cured.
A developmental reading disorder, Dyslexia occurs in children with normal intelligence. It is caused when the brain is unable to translate images received from the eyes or ears into understandable language.
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