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28th February 2017
Antibiotic resistance rising in children too
 
Antibiotic resistance is a growing concern and its impact on patients and communities are known to us all. This is a public health problem, one which is rapidly spreading across the globe, with not enough resources to control it.  Antibiotic resistance has made it harder for us to treat many infections such as typhoid, pneumonia, tuberculosis. Antibiotic resistance prolongs hospitalization, increased cost of treatment and increases risk of death. Several studies have corroborate the adverse impact of antibiotic resistance on health.
 
Researchers from the Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, Cleveland, Ohio examined the prevalence of multidrug-resistant Gram-negative enteric Enterobacteriaceae (MDR-GNE) infection in children between January 1, 2007, and March 31, 2015 and its association with hospital length of stay and death before discharge. This retrospective study observed an astounding 700% increase in MDR-GNE infections in a short period of eight years. A 20% increase in the lengths of hospital stay was observed in patients with MDR-GNE infection. The odds for death also increased, though this did not reach statistical significance. More than 75% of the antibiotic-resistant infections were already present at the time of hospitalization, contradicting earlier studies which showed that such infections were most hospital acquired.” The study is published in the March 2017 issue of the Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society.
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A. Once a year after puberty.
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Breast mammograms may also predict future risk for heart disease, stroke
 
Routine mammography-widely recommended for breast cancer screening-may also be a useful tool to identify women at risk for heart disease
 
New Delhi, Feb 27, 2017: Routine mammograms for breast cancer may also predict the risk for future development of heart disease, according to a study published in Obstetrics & Gynecology. Researchers reviewed data on 1,454 women who received mammograms. 

They found that after five years, 20.8% who tested positive for breast arterial calcifications had developed heart disease, compared with 5.4% who showed no signs of the granular deposits, and the risk for heart disease was 6.3%
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