WHO list of essential diagnostic tests in primary healthcare
Dr KK Aggarwal, Recipient of Padma Shri
The World Health Organization (WHO) published its first-ever list of essential diagnostic tests earlier this year. The list includes tests recommended by the WHO for use in ‘primary health care’ and ‘health care facilities with clinical laboratories’.
The word ‘essential’ means that these tests should be available at all times in primary health care or higher health care facilities and they should be affordable with assured quality and accuracy.
At the primary healthcare level, the list starts with basic hematological investigations such as hemoglobin, TLC, DLC, and recommends using a hemoglobinometer/dipstick, hematology analyser or hemocytometer. Most hematological tests can be indirectly estimated by slide method also....read more
Samoa has become the first country to implement the new triple drug regimen recommended by WHO for the treatment of lymphatic filariasis (LF), a disabling and disfiguring neglected tropical disease.
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Total volatile organic compound (TVOC) levels are an important indicator of the overall air quality in a building. Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) are gaseous molecules that can be sampled quickly and non-invasively from breath. They can originate either from within the body (endogenous VOCs) or from external sources such as diet, prescription drugs and environmental exposure (exogenous VOCs).... read more
The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved loteprednol etabonate ophthalmic suspension (Inveltys, Kala Pharmaceuticals) 1% for the treatment of pain and inflammation following eye surgery to be prescribed twice-daily in place of the standard dose of four times daily.... read more
Pregnant women with heart disease should give birth at no later than 40 weeks gestation, as per recommendation of the 2018 European Society of Cardiology (ESC) Guidelines for the management of cardiovascular diseases during pregnancy published online April 25, 2018 in... read more
In a change from the earlier recommendations, this year, the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) has said that the quadrivalent live attenuated influenza vaccine (LAIV4; FluMist Quadrivalent) is now an option for... read more
Prehabilitation prior to cardiac surgery can improve postoperative outcomes for frail older adults, according to an article published in the July 2018 issue of the Canadian Journal of Cardiology. A three-pronged approach called NEW, a component of the enhanced recovery protocols targets... read more
Cholecystectomy within 48 hours of admission for mild gallstone pancreatitis is associated with reduced hospital stay without an increase in complications, according to a retrospective study reported online August 15, 2018 in JAMA Surgery.... read more
Alcohol consumption can increase the risk of prostate cancer The condition is treatable if managed on time
New Delhi, 26 August 2018: Consuming at least seven drinks of alcohol per week during adolescence can increase the risk of high grade prostate cancer later, as per a new study. Heavy alcohol intake between the age of 15 and 19 increased the odds of this condition by 3.2 times. The prostate grows rapidly during puberty and is potentially more susceptible to carcinogenic exposure during the adolescent years.
Prostate cancer occurs when abnormal cells develop in the prostate. These continue to multiply in an uncontrolled way and can also spread outside the prostate into nearby or distant parts of the body. Although the condition is curable, it can become life threatening if not appropriately managed on time.