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20th November, 2017
Expanding urban tree cover can reduce asthma hospitalization
 
People living in polluted urban areas are far less likely to be admitted to hospital with asthma when there are lots of trees in their neighborhood, suggests a new study published in the journal Environment International.
 
The study which evaluated more than 650,000 serious asthma attacks over a period of 15 years found that green space and gardens were associated with reductions in asthma hospitalization when pollutant exposures were lower but had no significant association when pollutant exposures were higher.
 
In contrast, tree density (an extra 300 trees per square km) was associated with fewer emergency asthma hospitalizations- 50 fewer emergency asthma cases per 100,000 residents over the study period in a typical urban area with a high level of background air pollution - 15 µg of PM 2.5 per cubic meter, or a nitrogen dioxide concentration around 33 µg per cubic meter.
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Adequate care to the mother and newborn can prevent infant mortality
Quality care for small and sick newborns around the time of birth may help prevent about 80% of newborn deaths
 
New Delhi, 19 November 2017: About 70 of every 1000 newborn babies in India die during the first year of life. The first 4 weeks of life or the neonatal period are the most crucial for a newborn as two-thirds of all newborn deaths occur during the first week of life. In India, the period from 15th to 21st November is marked as the New Born Care Week with the aim of generating awareness and suggesting measures to improve the health of new born and increase child survival rates.
 
Infections, lack of oxygen to fetus in the womb and new born baby, premature deliveries, delivery complications, and birth defects are some of the factors that can cause newborn deaths. As per the IMA, it is important to raise awareness about the need for adequate and exclusive care for the expectant mother before delivery; and for both the mother and the new born after delivery to improve the chances of survival.
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