Differentiating between bacterial food poisoning or due to preformed toxins is important
Dr KK Aggarwal, Recipient of Padma Shri
Food poisoning is a very common outbreak reported in India. Food poisoning is caused by eating contaminated food. Clinically, it may present as acute gastroenteritis with abdominal pain, nausea, headache, fatigue, vomiting, diarrhea and dehydration.
The two common causes of food poisoning are infectious pathogens (bacteria, viruses and parasites) and their preformed toxins. It is important to differentiate between the two. Food poisoning due to preformed toxins presents within 6 hours and patient presents with upper gastrointestinal symptoms, predominantly vomiting, gastritis, etc. The commonest is Staph aureus, Bacillus cereus emetic toxin. On the other hand, bacterial food poisoning presents after 6 hours. The predominant symptom is diarrhea with or without vomiting. ...read more
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Breastfeeding within first few hours critical for a baby’s immune system Colostrum provides essential nutrients and reduces the risk of death by about 22%
New Delhi, 31 July 2018: About 7.8 crore newborns around the world are not breastfed within their first hour of life thus lowering their chance of survival and meeting the growth, developmental, and intellectual potential. Most of these newborns are born in low-and-middle-income countries, including India, where 41.5% of the 2.6 crore babies born every year get breastfed within the first critical hour of birth.
Breastfeeding within the first few hours and later at least for the first six months of the infant’s life is extremely essential. Colostrum, the thick, sticky, yellowish milk mothers produce during the first few days after delivery provides essential nutrients as well as antibodies to babies. It protects them from infections and reduces the risk of death by up to 22% in the first month of life.