HIV self-testing as a harm reduction strategy to prevent HIV/AIDS
Dr KK Aggarwal, Padma Shri Awardee
The acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) epidemic has had a devastating impact on human health from the time it was first reported in 1981 in the United States. Characterized by fear and ignorance, AIDS took a heavy toll of life in the initial years. The numbers were escalating and death was certain with no effective treatment available at that time. And, many died undiagnosed.
Significant progress has been made since then. While antiretroviral therapy (ART) has improved survival as well as the quality of life of people living with HIV, much more needs to be done.
World AIDS Day has been observed on December 1 annually since it was founded in 1988. It is an opportunity for people worldwide to unite in the fight against HIV, to show support for people living with HIV, and to commemorate those who have died from an AIDS-related illness. The day... read more
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Advocate Ira Gupta
On 28.11.2018, Hon'ble Supreme Court has allowed medical aspiring candidates above the age of 25 years to appear in the NEET UG 2019 exam. The Apex Court however has also specified that their candidature will be subject to the final outcome of the case on validity of CBSE’s decision to fix upper age limit.
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Around 80 adolescents will die of AIDS every day by 2030, at current trends, says UNICEF. Some 360,000 adolescents are projected to die of AIDS-related diseases between 2018 and 2030. This means 76 adolescent deaths every day - without additional investment in HIV prevention, testing and treatment programmes, UNICEF said in a new report "Children, HIV and AIDS: The world in 2030" released... read more
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The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) has issued an updated policy statement and technical report on children and radiological and nuclear emergencies published online Nov. 26, 2018 in the journal Pediatrics. The statement incorporates new information learned from the Chernobyl and Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant emergencies, as well as information on the ... read more
Weight cycling or the constant losing and gaining of weight (usually from diet) is associated with a higher risk of death, according to results of a 16-year prospective cohort study published Nov. 29, 2018 in the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism. Interestingly, people with obesity who ... read more
Patients with IgA vasculitis (Henoch-Schonlein purpura) are at a greater risk of hypertension and stage G3-G5 chronic kidney disease (CKD) compared with individuals who do not have IgA vasculitis. No association was observed with ischemic heart disease, cerebrovascular disease or ... read more
In a single-arm study published online Nov. 14, 2018 in in JAMA Surgery, peritumoral indocyanine green injection as a fluorescent lymphatic tracer given one day before radical gastrectomy successfully visualized all lymph nodes draining from the primary lesion on near-... read more
More awareness and targeted campaigns needed to combat HIV/AIDS in India On World AIDS Day, it is imperative to check your HIV status and take precautionary action
New Delhi, 30 November 2018: About 36.9 million people in India live with HIV/AIDS according to data from the World Health Organization. This condition is a major health issue in the country. To raise awareness around the disease, December 1 is marked as the World AIDS Day and the theme this year is ‘Know your status’ which tells people to check their HIV status. A UNAIDS status report indicates that there is still a long way to go in terms of reaching out to people with HIV/AIDS.
HIV refers to the virus that causes the infection. It targets the person’s immune system and can weaken the defence systems, making a person vulnerable to infections and some forms of cancer. Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) refers to the most advanced stage of HIV infection. It causes an extremely low CD4 cell count. If untreated, HIV can destroy the immune system and lead to AIDS.