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Editorial (Dr SS Agarwal, Dr K K Aggarwal)
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1st December 2016
50 Facts on HIV/AIDS
Today is World AIDS Day
  1. AIDS is caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), which damages the immune system, lowering the resistance of the body to fight off infections.
  2. AIDS is the advanced stage (stage 4) of HIV infection.
  3. Progression from HIV infection to AIDS, if untreated, may take 8-10 years. In young children, it usually develops much faster.
  4. HIV-positive people may remain asymptomatic but can still pass on the virus to others.
  5. 78 million (69.5 million-87.6 million) people have become infected with HIV since the start of the epidemic (end 2015).
  6. 35 million (29.6 million-40.8 million) people have died from AIDS-related illnesses since the start of the epidemic (end 2015).
  7. 36.7 million (34.0 million-39.8 million) people globally were living with HIV (end 2015).
  8. 1.1 million (940 000-1.3 million) people died from AIDS-related illnesses (end 2015).
  9. 2.1 million (1.8 million-2.4 million) people became newly infected with HIV (end 2015). 
  10. 18.2 million (16.1 million-19.0 million) people were accessing antiretroviral therapy (June 2016)
  11. People with HIV are at risk of developing active TB disease.
  12. Transmission of HIV/AIDS can be prevented. 
  13. HIV spreads through unprotected sex with an HIV-positive person.
  14. HIV spreads through transfusions of unscreened (HIV-positive) blood.
  15. HIV can spread from an infected woman to her child during pregnancy and childbirth.
  16. HIV infection can be passed from a mother to her child through breastfeeding.
  17. HIV spreads by unsterilized infected needles or syringes, especially those used for injecting drugs.
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Press Release
HIV and AIDS remain a major social taboo in India

A UN report shows that India has the third-highest number of people living with HIV infection in the world accounting for about 4 out of 10 people suffering from the infection in Asia

New Delhi, 30th November 2016: In a country as diverse and as large as India is, it is possible for the population to contact innumerable moderate to severe diseases and infections. One of the most dangerous being HIV/AIDS. More than 2.1 million people continue to be affected by this deadly virus in the country despite the mass awareness campaigns run by the government. What makes it worse is the social taboo that is associated with the disease often forcing patients to keep the disease hidden from others.
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