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Editorial (Dr SS Agarwal, Dr K K Aggarwal)
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2nd November 2016
All about pollution
Air pollution in the capital increased to dangerously high levels post-Diwali

'One Health' initiative is human health, animal health and environmental health together. It recognizes that the health of humans, animals and environment are all interrelated. Vedic science clearly says 'As is the microcosm, so is the macrocosm'. 

This topic is especially relevant today as diseases like Dengue, Chikungunya, Zika, Japanese encephalitis are a cause of much concern today. With regard to animals, Bird flu has been in the news lately. And, environmental health is the rising pollution levels.

Pollution has become a major threat to the health of society today. While earlier, one took note of the weather forecast, it is now time that one also take note of pollution levels in the area that you will be traveling to and accordingly plan your activities.

Pollution in Delhi during Diwali worst in 3 years 
PTI reported on October 31, 2016 that "Diwali fireworks pushed pollution in Delhi to a dangerous level, the worst in three years, as it turned the air highly toxic due to a deadly cocktail of harmful respirable pollutants and gases, engulfing the city with a cover of thick smog triggering health alarms. As per DPCC's real time monitoring mechanism, the ultra-pollutant PM 2.5 breached the safe standard by over 14 times at Anand Vihar, Delhi's most polluted area, at 2:30 AM. Many other areas including densely populated R K Puram had nearly similar readings when pollution peaked past mid night. Noise pollution, which was monitored at five locations in the city, was marginally higher than last year as it ranged between 66.1 decibel(A) and 75.8 dB(A), while last year, it had varied from 65.9 dB(A) to 74.8 dB(A). The volume of sulphur dioxide (SO2), which can aggravate asthma, also breached the safe standards, indicating that the crackers contained a high level of sulphur. It averaged between 20-131 ug/m3 while it was between 26-64 ug/m3 last year. On Diwali night, PM 10 ranged from 448 (micrograms per cubic metre) g/m3 to 939 g/m3 in Delhi as against the national safe standard of 100 g/m3, DPCC said".
Some key aspects of air pollution
  • Sulphur dioxide (SO2), oxides of nitrogen (as NO2), suspended particulate matter (SPM) and respirable suspended particulate matter (RSPM/PM10) are measured as part of air quality monitoring.
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Press Release
High levels of fine particulate matter (PM2.5) in the air are extremely dangerous caution
IMA & Heart Care Foundation of India 
New Delhi, 1st Nov 2016: Air pollution has reached alarming levels in the light of recent Diwali celebrations coupled with changing weather conditions. The effects are also exacerbated by the cold weather to create poisonous smog. In light of this, IMA & HCFI have issued an advisory urging people to take necessary preventive steps and to stop adding to the environmental damage by bursting crackers.
"Particle size PM2.5, the most dangerous air pollutant is extremely permeable to lung tissue linings and is undetectable by the naked eye.
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