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Editorial (Dr SS Agarwal, Dr K K Aggarwal)
18th July 2016
10 risk factors associated with 90% risk of stroke globally
Researchers from McMaster University, Canada have found that 10 potentially modifiable risk factors are collectively associated with about 90% of strokes, 91•5% for ischemic stroke, 87•1% for intracerebral hemorrhage,  worldwide in each major region of the world, among ethnic groups, in men and women, and in all ages.
 
The following 10 risk factors were found to be significantly associated with 90% of the risk of stroke:
  1. High blood pressure
  2. Smoking
  3. Waist-to-hip ratio (abdominal obesity)
  4. Diet
  5. Physical activity
  6. Lipids
  7. Diabetes mellitus
  8. Alcohol intake
  9. Stress and depression
  10. Heart disorders
Hypertension was more associated with intracerebral hemorrhage than with ischemic stroke, whereas current smoking, diabetes, apolipoproteins, and cardiac causes were more associated with ischemic stroke.
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Press Release
Too much salt damages blood vessels and cause high BP
 
New Delhi, July 17, 2016: "Eating a high-salt diet for several years is associated with markers of blood vessel damage like high uric acid and presence of albumin in the urine. People with any of these markers of blood vessel damage, with a high-salt diet are more likely to develop high blood pressure," said Padma Shri Awardee Dr KK Aggarwal – President Heart Care Foundation of India (HCFI) and Honorary Secretary General IMA.

The study published in the American Heart Association journal Circulation analysed the association between sodium consumption and blood levels of uric acid and albumin in the urine — both markers of blood vessel damage — in participants not taking high blood pressure medicine.
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