Dr k k Aggarwal

Basic reproduction number, or R0 or contagiousness

Dr K K Aggarwal, President CMAAO, HCFI and Past National President IMA
17th February 2020
R0 represents the average number of susceptible individuals an infected person will transmit the disease to.
R0 = Attack rate x Contacts Attack rate (the percent chance that a contact will get the disease). If the R0 is < 1, a disease outbreak should wane over time, and if it's >1, cases would continue to increase... Read more »

Isolation vs. quarantine vs. cohorting vs. surveillance

Dr KK Aggarwal, President CMAAO, HCFI and Past National President IMA
17th February 2020
1. Isolation is used to separate ill persons with a communicable disease from healthy individuals. The movement of ill persons under isolation is restricted in order to help stop the spread of certain diseases. Hospitals use isolation for patients with infectious tuberculosis. More often, isolation is required for airborn... Read more »

News From All Specialities

Four countries in the African region license vaccine for Ebola prevention

17th February 2020 Business and Medicine Pathology & Lab Medicine
The Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Burundi, Ghana and Zambia have licensed an Ebola vaccine, just 90 days following World Health Organization (WHO) prequalification. The vaccine is expected to be registered in additional countries in the coming weeks... Read more »
Practice Updates

China: Over 1,700 health workers infected by coronavirus, six dead

17th February 2020 Business and Medicine Pulmonary Medicine
A senior Chinese health official said on Friday 1,716 health workers have been infected by the coronavirus and six of them have died. National Health Commission Vice Minister Zeng Yixin stated that the number of infected medical staff was increasing...Read more »
Practice Updates

Beijing quarantines returning residents

17th February 2020 Pulmonary Medicine Pathology & Lab Medicine
People returning to the Chinese capital Beijing from extended holidays on Friday were ordered to undergo a 14-day self-quarantine in an attempt to help prevent spread of the new coronavirus, as Hubei province reported more than 2,400 new cases... Read more »
Practice Updates

FDA Approves Three Drugs for Nonprescription Use through Rx-to-OTC Switch Process

17th February 2020Orthopedics Internal Medicine
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has approved three drugs for nonprescription, or over-the-counter (OTC), use through the process of prescription (Rx)-to-OTC switch. The FDA approved Voltaren Arthritis Pain (diclofenac sodium topical gel, 1%)... Read more »

Hot Cocoa Therapy for Lower-Extremity PAD

17th February 2020 Cardiology Internal Medicine
Drinking a cocoa with extra flavanol could temporarily reverse the decrease in walking ability for people with lower extremity peripheral artery disease (PAD), reported a pilot trial. The phase II double-blind trial revealed that people randomized to 6 months of daily...Read more »  

JAK1 Inhibitor Promising for Refractory Crohn's

17th February 2020 Allergy & Immunology Pharmacists
The JAK-1 inhibitor upadacitinib was found to be superior to placebo in inducing endoscopic remission in refractory Crohn's disease (CD) patients in the phase II randomized CELEST trial. Investigators reported that while no placebo patients achieved endoscopic remission,... Read more »

Suicidal Behavior More Common in Preadolescents than Thought

17th February 2020 Business and Medicine Psychiatry
The prevalence of suicidal ideation and behaviors in preadolescent children is higher than previously estimated, and parents are often unaware of their child's suicidality, revealed a cross-sectional analysis from the Adolescent Brain Cognitive Development (ABCD) study.... Read more »

Medicolegal Corner

What are the violations in advertising in Indian Penal Code?

17th February 2020
Sec. 292(2) (d) of Indian Penal Code, 1860, makes it a punishable offence to publish, distribute, sell, hire or circulate any obscene advertisement.
Section 292 in The Indian Penal Code ...Read more »

eMedi Humor


17th February 2020
As an instructor in driver education at the local area High School, I’ve learned that even the brightest students can become flustered behind the wheel. One day I had three beginners in the car, each scheduled to drive for 30 minutes...Read more »

eMedi Quiz

All of the following conditions may predispose to pulmonary embolism except:

17th February 2020
1. Protein S deficiency.
2. Malignancy.
3. Obesity...Read more »

Lifestyle Updates

eWellness: Weekend 'Social Jetlag' can be heart unfriendly

17th February 2020
Switching to late nights and late mornings on the weekend is associated with cardiometabolic risk. Termed "social jetlag", it is associated with poorer lipid profiles, worse glycemic control, and increased adiposity in healthy adults, as per a report published in Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism... Read more »

eSpiritual: What is the difference between smile, hug and laugh?

17th February 2020
Smile is a sign of joy, while hug is a sign of love. Laughter on the other hand is a sign of inner happiness. None of them are at the level of mind or intellect. All come from within the heart. They are only the gradations of your expressions of your happiness...Read more »

Inspirational Story: Promise Yourself

17th February 2020
To be so strong that nothing can disturb your peace of mind;
To talk health, happiness, and prosperity to every person you meet;
To make all your friends feel that there is something in them;... Read more »


Medical voice

How Corona Aware Are You

Question 1 : How confident are you that you could recognize and respond to a potential coronavirus case?
Very confident
Moderately confident...Read more »  


From Other Newsletter



Curcumin for aging skeletal muscles

A fall in muscle mass and function as the age increases is termed sarcopenia. The affected individual is unable to perform normal daily activities, which eventually affects the quality of life. Increased oxidative stress seems to be a significant factor behind the development of sarcopenia. Curcumin, the active ingredient in turmeric,... Read more »


Age-specific incidence of allergic and non-allergic asthma.

Onset of allergic asthma has a strong association with childhood, but only a few studies have analyzed the relationship between the incidence of asthma from childhood to late adulthood and allergy. A new study published in BMC Pulmonary Medicine assessed....Read more »


Vitamin A intake linked with lower skin cancer risk: Study

Intake of vitamin A may be associated with a lower risk of a common type of skin cancer, a study claims. The study of about 125,000 Americans found that people with the highest intake of vitamin A lowered their risk of squamous cell skin cancer by around 15 per cent.... Read more »

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