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16th November, 2017
Eating too fast may increase obesity
People who eat slowly are less likely to become obese or develop metabolic syndrome, according to preliminary research presented at the American Heart Association’s Scientific Sessions 2017.
 
The study participants were grouped according to their speed of eating food into slow, normal or fast. After five years, it was found:
  • Fast eaters were more likely (11.6%) to have developed metabolic syndrome than normal eaters (6.5%) or slow eaters (2.3%).
  • Faster eating speed was associated with more weight gain, higher blood glucose and larger waistline.
Metabolic syndrome occurs when someone has any of three risk factors that include abdominal obesity, high fasting blood sugar, high blood pressure, high triglycerides and/or low HDL cholesterol.
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Pan-drug resistant bacteria on the rise in hospital ICUs
Antibiotic resistance is a mounting concern in hospital settings and prolongs infections
 
New Delhi, 15 November 2017: Recent statistics indicate that about 7-8% of patients admitted in the intensive care units (ICU) are infected with pan-drug resistant bacteria.[1] It becomes very difficult to destroy these bacteria with existing antibiotics. As a result, infections persist for a longer duration and the treatment is also harder and more expensive. Infections that are not sensitive to any antibiotics require to be treated with a cocktail of antibiotics belonging to different categories.
 
Antibiotic resistance falls under three categories: Multidrug resistance (MDR), extensively-drug resistance (XDR) and pan-drug resistance (PDR). Of these, pan resistance is the toughest to treat. This is followed by XDR infections, which do not show a response to at least one drug in all but two or less antimicrobial categories. MDR infections do not respond to at least one drug in three or more antimicrobial drug categories. PDR bacteria do not respond to any drug in all antimicrobial categories. The incidence of infections falling under the pan resistance category is seeing a rise.
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