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15th March, 2017
 
All systems of medicine should advocate a common lifestyle pattern for lifestyle disorders

 Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) such as hypertension, type 2 diabetes, heart diseases, behavioral problems, high cholesterol and obesity are rapidly increasing worldwide, including in India. These diseases are called lifestyle disorders as they have their roots in the lifestyle - habits and behavior - of an individual. An unhealthy lifestyle can contribute to the development of risk factors of NCDs. The epidemic of NCDs in our country is mainly attributed to modernization, urbanization, sedentary lifestyles and longevity (Press Information Bureau, 20.2.17).

 The WHO's 'Global Status Report on NCDs 2014' has identified four main types of NCDs (cardiovascular diseases, cancer, chronic respiratory diseases and diabetes), four behavioral risk factors responsible for significant proportions of these diseases (tobacco use, unhealthy diet, physical inactivity and harmful use of alcohol) and four major metabolic risk factors (obesity, raised blood pressure, raised blood glucose and raised blood total cholesterol levels).

The INTERHEART study published in the September 3, 2004 issue of the Lancet identified nine traditional risk factors for an acute heart attack: Abnormal lipids, smoking, hypertension, diabetes, abdominal obesity, psychosocial factors, consumption of fruits, vegetables, and alcohol, and regular physical activity. As per the study, more than 90% of the global risk for acute MI is predicted by these nine traditional risk factors.
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Press Release
Your BMI is valuable to calculate your risk of heart attack

High body mass index is a major risk factor for a variety of cardiovascular ailments. Keeping obesity in check through regular BMI monitoring can significantly reduce a risk of major coronary episodes, including heart attack.

New Delhi, March 14, 2016:  Certain risk factors contribute to the risk of a heart attack in an individual. Some of these risk factors are beyond our control and hence unmodifiable. However, the environmental componenst of predisposition to heart attack can be modified. One such factor is body mass index and it has a huge contribution to the development of a future heart attack.

The body mass index (BMI) is the most practical way to evaluate the degree of obesity. It is calculated from the height and weight as follows:
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