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15th November 2016

Adults with diabetes at unnecessary risk of vision loss: DR Barometer Study
 
Diabetic retinopathy & diabetic macular edema are preventable diseases
Despite vision loss being feared twice as much as other common complications of diabetes including cardiovascular disease and stroke, a quarter of people with diabetes surveyed are not discussing eye complications with their health care professional, with many presenting when vision problems have already occurred. 
 
These are some of the concerning insights into the current management of diabetic retinopathy and diabetic macular edema revealed by the Diabetic Retinopathy (DR) Barometer Study conducted in 41 countries. The DR Barometer study is a unique collaboration of experts from the International Federation on Ageing (IFA), International Diabetes Federation (IDF) and International Agency for the Prevention of Blindness (IAPB) and Bayer Pharma AG.  It is a comprehensive, two-phase, multi-country study of almost 7,000 adults with diabetes and health care professionals; Phase one was a qualitative study while Phase two was a quantitative study. 
 
The study shows that 79% of people with DR find that their vision loss makes activities such as driving, going to work and completing basic household tasks difficult, and in some cases impossible. Furthermore, 20% of people with diabetic retinopathy or diabetic macular edema also cite that changes in their vision leave them less able to manage their diabetes, an issue reflected in individuals’ perception of their overall health, with over half of respondents with diabetic retinopathy rating their physical health as ‘poor to fair’.
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The health hazards associated with air pollution
 
New Delhi, November 14, 2016: Air pollution is linked to increased rates of morbidity and mortality, in particular from cardiovascular and respiratory illnesses. Environmental pollution, especially with high particulate matter PM 2.5 exposure, has also been proved to be linked with an increased prevalence of diabetes. 

Research indicates that a decrease in the concentration of the fine particulate pollution (PM2.5) by 10 micrograms per cubic meter is associated with an increased life expectancy of 0.77 year and 15 percent of the overall increase in life expectancy. 
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