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Editor-in-Chief eMediNexus – Dr KK Aggarwal
15th October 2018

Understanding harm reduction as a public health strategy

Dr KK Aggarwal, Recipient of Padma Shri

Harm reduction is a public health strategy, which aims to mitigate the dangers or harms associated with an action or condition. A criticism of harm reduction as a concept has been that it allows individuals to pursue harmful behaviour. But, this is not so. According to the National Health Care for the Homeless Council (2010),"harm reduction is not at odds with abstinence; instead it includes it as one possible goal across a continuum of possibilities... Harm reduction neither condones nor condemns any behavior. Instead, it evaluates the consequences of behaviors and tries to reduce the harms that those behaviors pose for individuals, families and communities".

Harm reduction, to begin with, was used as an alternative to abstinence-only focused interventions in cases of adults with substance abuse problems, who were unwilling to accept abstinence to avoid negative consequence of substance abuse. Since then, it has found other applications such as sexual health education to reduce teen pregnancies as well as to reduce transmission of sexually transmitted diseases, including HIV. more

Top News

Today is Global Handwashing Day: "Clean Hands - a recipe for health"

Global Handwashing Day is observed annually on October 15, to increase awareness and understanding about the importance of handwashing with soap as a simple, easy, effective and affordable way to prevent diseases and save lives... read more

Morning Medtalks

Morning MEDtalks with Dr KK Aggarwal 15th October 2018

Harm reduction refers to ways that people try to mitigate the dangers or harms associated with a particular act. For instance, giving people who inject drugs access to clean needles is a harm reduction strategy because it reduces the HIV and hepatitis C risk associated with drug use given the possibility of sharing needles. Just as clean needles help drug users to avoid infections, vaping can help cigarette... read more

Practice Updates

New guidelines for treatment of early-stage prostate cancer using external beam radiation therapy

The American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO), American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) and American Urological Association (AUA) have released new guidelines, which recommend hypofractionated radiation therapy as an alternative to longer, conventional courses of radiation for treating men with early-stage prostate cancer, who require or prefer treatment... read more

High blood levels of sTNFR-1linked with kidney function decline in healthy adults

In a multi-ethnic study of individuals without kidney disease, high blood levels of an inflammatory marker, soluble tumor necrosis factor receptor-1 (sTNFR-1), were associated with greater kidney... read more

A novel vaccine for rabies and Lassa fever shows promising results

The novel investigational LASSARAB vaccine designed to protect people from both Lassa fever and rabies showed promise in preclinical testing, according to new research published October 11, 2018 in Nature Communications. LASSARAB, when administered with GLA-SE adjuvant (an... read more

Eating a Mediterranean diet reduces risk of development of ARMD

A study published Sept. 30, 2018 in the journal Ophthalmology has shown that people who adhered to a Mediterranean diet cut their risk of developing late-stage age-related macular degeneration (ARMD) by 41%. It was also found that none of the individual components of a... read more

Prolactin levels within the normal range protect against type 2 diabetes

A normal but high circulating levels of total prolactin was associated with a lower risk of type 2 diabetes within 9-10 years of follow-up, according to a study published October 11, 2018 in Diabetologia. The inverse association of total prolactin with type 2 diabetes was significant during... read more

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A Hyperkalemia
B Hypernatremia
C Hyperglycemia
D Hypercalcemia
Lifestyle Updates
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Sanitation and hygiene are part of preventive health; can ward off diseases such as Zika
New cases reported in India; people should be aware of symptoms and measures
New Delhi, 14 October 2018: About 42 cases of a localized outbreak of the mosquito-borne Zika virus disease (ZVD) have been reported in Jaipur, Rajasthan so far already. A seven-member high level central committee has been deputed to the city. The Zika virus-which has no cure or vaccine-was first found in Pune 64 years ago, as part of a survey that was testing immunity to Japanese and Russian varieties of a virus-borne brain infection called encephalitis.

Zika virus (ZIKV) is a member of the virus family Flaviviridae. It is spread by daytime-active Aedes mosquitoes, such as A. aegypti and A. albopictus. The symptoms of this disease are similar to those in other viral infections such as dengue, and include fever, skin rashes, conjunctivitis, muscle and joint pain, malaise, and headache.

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