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14th November, 2017
Air pollution increases the risk of diabetes
Dr KK Aggarwal
Air pollution has been dominating headlines in the past few days and has been at an all-time high in Delhi. The air quality in Delhi continues to remain in the severe category, with no respite.
 
There is increasing evidence for the role of environment in pathogenesis in many diseases with air pollution emerging as the largest environmental health risk globally. Exposure to the toxic air can affect the lungs, blood, vascular system, brain and the heart leading to significant adverse health effects and associated high overall morbidity and mortality.
 
Environmental pollution, with traffic associated pollutants, gaseous, nitrogen dioxide, especially high particulate matter PM 2.5 exposure, has been linked with risk of incident diabetes. Several studies have shown a positive association between long-term exposure to air pollution and increased risk of type 2 diabetes. Individuals who have prediabetes are especially vulnerable to the effects of air pollution.
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Conduct disorder: a mounting concern among youngsters today
Exposure to violence through various media can aggravate aggressive behavior
 
New Delhi, 13 November 2017: As per a recent study conducted on 519 boys in the juvenile justice system in the US, it was found that about 80% of them suffered from a conduct disorder. The recent incidence of a small boy killed in a reputed school in Delhi and the associated arrest of a 16-year-old points towards the increasing prevalence of conduct disorder in youngsters today. Studies show that people with conduct disorders are a threat to others and themselves. They are also thrice as likely to get anxiety disorders, depression, or indulge in substance abuse or alcohol dependence.
 
Conduct disorder refers to a mental health condition defined by behavior that violates the rights of others, or social norms. Teenagers have the tendency to take more risks than their adult counterparts. This is because of hormonal changes, poor impulse control, and also because seeking external stimulation is a biological need for them at that age.
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