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Editorial (Dr SS Agarwal, Dr K K Aggarwal)
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12th  August 2016
Delhi is in a grip of Chikungunya 
 Symptoms, Diagnosis & Treatment of Chikungunya
Symptoms
  • Most people infected with chikungunya virus will develop some symptoms.
  • Symptoms usually begin 3 to 7 days after being bitten by an infected mosquito.
  • The most common symptoms are high-grade fever and severe arthralgia (joint pain).
  • Other symptoms may include headache, fatigue, throat discomfort, muscle pain, joint swelling, or skin rash.
  • Chikungunya disease does not often result in death, but the symptoms can be severe and disabling.
  • Symptoms usually resolve within a week. But, the joint pain may persist for months in some people.
  • People at risk for more severe disease include newborns infected around the time of birth, adults aged 65 years or older and people with medical conditions such as high blood pressure, diabetes, or heart disease.
  • Once a person has been infected, he or she is likely to be protected from future infections.
Diagnosis
  • The symptoms of chikungunya are similar to those of dengue and Zika, diseases spread by the same mosquitoes that transmit chikungunya.
  • A history of travel or residence in areas where chikungunya is found in a suspected case.
  • Blood tests to look for virus specific antibodies for chikungunya or other similar viruses like dengue and Zika. 
Treatment
  • There is no vaccine to prevent or medicine to treat the Chikungunya virus.
  • Treatment is symptomatic and supportive.
  • - Plenty of rest.
  • - Adequate fluids to prevent dehydration.
  • - Paracetamol to reduce fever and pain.
  • -  Avoid aspirin and other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) until dengue can be ruled out to reduce the risk of bleeding).
  • - If you are taking medicine for another medical condition, talk to your healthcare provider before taking additional medication. 
  • Patients with Chikungunya should take precautions to prevent mosquito bites for the first week of the illness.
  • - During the first week of infection, Chikungunya virus can be found in the blood and passed from an infected person to a mosquito through mosquito bites.
  • - An infected mosquito can then spread the virus to other people
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Press Release
All you need to know about Chikungunya and the management of arthritis while affected by the disease
 
New Delhi August 11, 2016: Chikungunya fever is a debilitating, but non-fatal, viral illness that has got Delhi in its grip at the moment. The illness is spread by the bite of infected female Aedes aegypti mosquito. Common symptoms of Chikungunya that develop 3-7 days after being bitten by an infected mosquito include fever and joint pain. Other symptoms may include headache, muscle pain, joint swelling, or rash.
 
“There is no need to panic since chikungunya is a non-fatal illness. Most patients suffering from it will feel better within a week. In some people however, the joint pain may persist for months. It is thus important to take necessary precautions against getting bitten by the Aedes mosquito known to cause both chikungunya and dengue fever.
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