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11th April, 2017
Res ipsa loquitur: The thing speaks for itself
 
In the common law of torts, res ipsa loquitur (Latin for "the thing speaks for itself") is a doctrine that infers negligence from the very nature of an accident or injury in the absence of direct evidence on how any defendant behaved.
 
Ordinarily the accident must satisfy the necessary elements of negligence: duty, breach of duty, causation, and injury. In res ipsa loquitur, the elements of duty of care, breach and causation are inferred from an injury that does not ordinarily occur without negligence.
 
Even in civil jurisdiction, the rule of res ipsa loquitur is not of universal application and has to be applied with extreme care and caution to the cases of professional negligence and in particular that of the doctors. 
 
Res ipsa loquitur is only a rule of evidence and operates in the domain of civil law, especially in cases of torts and helps in determining the onus of proof in actions relating to negligence.
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Press Release
BP mismatch between arms signals risk

Patients with hypertension who have more than 10 mmHg digit differences in blood pressure between arms may be at risk for cardiovascular events and premature death

New Delhi, April 10, 2017: A recent study at Harvard-affiliated Massachusetts General Hospital measured blood pressure-in both arms-of 3,400 participants age 40 or older with no signs of CVD. The results showed average arm-to-arm difference of approximately 5 points in systolic blood pressure (the first number in a BP reading). About 10% of the subjects had differences of 10 or more points in the same. 

The subjects were followed for the next 13 years; people with arm-to-arm mismatch of 10 points or more were 38% more likely to have had a heart attack, stroke, or a related cardiovascular problem. 
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