After Bihar, Assam on Alert for Japanese Encephalitis Outbreak
GUWAHATI: Following nearly 170 deaths from Acute Encephalitis Syndrome in just two months in Bihar, Assam is now on alert for a Japanese Encephalitis outbreak. At least 57 people have died in the last three months from Japanese Encephalitis and 234 positive cases have been reported in the state in this fresh outbreak.... read more
Giving Up Alcohol Boosts Mental Health in Women
For women, quitting drinking may be associated with a significant improvement in mental health, suggested a study published online in the Canadian Medical Association Journal.
The findings come from a comparison of two population-based cohorts, which together comprised more than 40,000 people. In both cohorts, lifetime abstainers reported the highest levels of mental well-being at baseline, but women who started out as moderate drinkers and quit during the 4-year study period... read more
Heart Defect-Cancer Link Present Already in Youth
The association between congenital heart disease (CHD) and cancer is observed in young people too, and it's not just from radiation exposure, researchers found.
People with CHD included in a Swedish registry showed more than double the risk of cancer compared with healthy controls when followed up to age 41 (1.9% vs 0.9%, HR 2.24, 95% CI 2.01-2.48), according to a report published online in JAMA Network Open.
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Varied Bedtimes Tied to Obesity, Diabetes, High Blood Pressure
People who don't consistently get the same amount of sleep or go to bed at the same time each night may be more likely to develop health problems like obesity, high blood pressure, high cholesterol and diabetes, a recent study suggests.
The study found that compared to people who had less than one hour of variation in sleep duration, people whose sleep duration varied by 60 to 90 minutes were 27% more likely to have metabolic syndrome.... read more
Restrictive approach to blood cell transfusions safe for heart surgery patients
In a recent clinical trial of higher risk patients undergoing cardiopulmonary bypass surgery, a restrictive approach to blood cell transfusions resulted in fewer transfusions without putting patients at increased risk of acute kidney injury. The results were consistent in patients with and without chronic kidney disease before surgery.... read more