FIRST NATIONAL DAILY MEDICAL NEWSPAPER OF INDIA
10t December Thursday
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Drunk and Drugged Driving Prevention Month
Celebrate December as Drunk and Drugged Driving Prevention Month (3D Month).
Tips for safe drinking
1. About three in every ten persons is involved in an alcohol related crash at some point in their lives.
2. Nearly one third of all traffic related deaths is related to alcohol.
3. During the holiday season, and year round, take steps to make sure that you and everyone you celebrate with avoids driving under the influence of alcohol.
4. Always designate a non drinking driver before any holiday party or celebration begins.
5. Do not let a friend drive if they are impaired. Take the keys.
6. If you're hosting a party this holiday season, remind your guests to plan ahead and designate their sober driver, always offer alcohol-free beverages, and make sure all of your guests leave with a sober driver.
7. One is not safe for up to one hour after 19 gram of alcohol intake. 2 hours after 20 grams of alcohol intake and so on.
8. Several studies confirm that consuming one or two drinks leads to an increased risk of injury. No safe level of alcohol use exists for the use of potentially dangerous equipment.
9. Exposure to alcohol is measured in blood alcohol concentration (BAC) rather than drinks per day or week. The legal BAC limit for driving is 0.03 percent. This corresponds to approximately four drinks for a 200 pound man, but only 2.5 drinks for a 150 pound woman.
10. BACs of 0.02 to 0.05 percent impair the ability to operate motor vehicles; this level of blood alcohol can occur with even a single drink.
11. The risk of involvement in a collision while driving doubles at a BAC of only 0.05 percent
12. Simulated driving ability is impaired with BACs as low as 0.02 percent.
13. The risk of driving accidents is greatest in the first two years of exposure to alcohol.
14. For pilots the BAC offense level is 0.04 percent.
15. Alcohol is involved in one-half to two-thirds of all homicides, at least one half of serious assaults, and more than one-quarter of all rapes.
16. There is consensus that non drinkers should not start and the ones who drink should do so in moderation provided they do so in moderation and in absence of contraindications.
17. Persons who have been lifelong abstainers cannot be easily compared with moderate or even rare drinkers. Recommending alcohol intake to them even if they would agree to drink is not justified.
18. The diseases that moderate alcohol use prevents (such as coronary heart disease, ischemic paralysis, and diabetes) are most prevalent in the elderly, men, and people with coronary heart disease risk factors. For these groups, moderate alcohol use is associated with a substantial mortality benefit relative to abstention or rare drinking.
19. For young to middle aged adults, especially women, moderate alcohol use increases the risk of the most common causes of death (such as trauma and breast cancer).
20. Women who drink alcohol should take supplemental folate to help decrease the risk of breast cancer.
21. Men under the age of 45 also may experience more harm than benefit from alcohol consumption. In these younger age groups, moderate alcohol use is unlikely to provide any mortality benefit, but consumption of less than one drink daily appears to be safe if temporally removed from operation of dangerous equipment. For individuals with established contraindications to alcohol use, even that level of alcohol use is dangerous.
22. Men can tolerate more alcohol than women. The ideal therapeutic dose of alcohol is around 6 grams per day. Medically safe limits are 10 grams in one hour, 20 grams in a day and 70 grams in a week. (50% for the women). 10 gram is present in 30 ml wisky.
Dr KK Aggarwal